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History | People | Culture | Festival

 History

Thiruvananthapuram is an ancient city with trading traditions dating back to 1000 BCE. It is believed that the ships of King Solomon landed in a port called Ophir (now Poovar) in Thiruvananthapuram in 1036 BCE. The city was the trading post of spices, sandalwood and ivory. However, the ancient political and cultural history of the city was almost entirely independent from that of the rest of Kerala. The early rulers of the city were the Ays. With their fall in the 10th century, the city was taken over by the rulers of Venad.

The rise of modern Thiruvananthapuram began with accession of Marthanda Varma in 1729 as the founding ruler of the princely state of Travancore (Thiruvithamkoor in the local vernacular). Thiruvananthapuram was made the capital of Travancore in 1745 after shifting the History in Thiruvananthapuramcapital from Padmanabhapuram in Kanyakumari district. The city developed into a major intellectual and artistic centre during this period. The golden age in the city's history was during the mid 19th century under the reign of Maharaja Swathi Thirunal and Maharaja Ayilyam Thirunal. This era saw the establishment of the first English school (1834), the Observatory (1837), the General Hospital (1839), the Oriental Research Institute & Manuscripts Library and the University College (1873). The first mental hospital in the state was also started during the same period. Sanskrit College, Ayurveda College, Law College and a second grade college for women were started by Moolam Thirunal (1885–1924).

The early 20th century was an age of tremendous political and social changes in the city. The Sree Moolam Assembly, established in 1904 was the first democratically elected legislative council in any Indian state.[18] Despite not being under direct control of the British Empire at any time, the city however featured prominently in India's freedom struggle. The Indian National Congress had a very active presence in the city. A meeting of the Indian National Congress presided by Dr. Pattabhi Sitaramaiah was held here in 1938.

The period of Chitra Thirunal Bala Rama Varma, who took over in 1931, Culture in Thiruvananthapuramwitnessed many-sided progress. The promulgation of "Temple Entry Proclamation" (1936) was an act that underlined social emancipation. This era also saw the establishment of the University of Travancore in 1937, which later became the Kerala University.

With the end of the British rule in 1947, Travancore chose to join the Indian union. The first popular ministry headed by Pattom Thanu Pillai was installed in office on 24 March 1948. In 1949, Thiruvananthapuram became the capital of Thiru-Kochi, the state formed by the integration of Travancore with its northern neighbour Kochi. The king of Travancore, Chitra Thirunal Bala Rama Varma became the Rajpramukh of the Travancore-Cochin Union from July 1, 1949 until October 31, 1956. When the state of Kerala was formed on November 1, 1956, Thiruvananthapuram became the capital of the new state.

With the establishment of Thumba Equatorial Rocket Launching Station (TERLS) in 1962, Thiruvananthapuram became the cradle of India's ambitious space programme. The first Indian space rocket was developed and launched from the kathkali in ThiruvananthapuramVikram Sarabhai Space Centre (VSSC) located in the outskirts of the city in 1963. Several establishments of the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) were later established in Thiruvananthapuram.

A major milestone in the city's recent history was the establishment of Technopark—India's first IT park—in 1995. Technopark has developed into the largest IT Park in India and third largest in Asia and is home to MNC giants like Infosys, TCS, Ernst & Young, IBS Software Services, UST Global, HCL Infosystems etc.; employing around 30,000 people in close to 185 companies. This placed Thiruvananthapuram on the IT map of India and it is today one of the most promising in the country in terms of competitiveness and capability


 People

The citizens of Thiruvananthapuram are sometimes referred to as "Trivandrumites" by some tourism sites and blogging community, though the term is not in common use. Thiruvananthapuram has a rich cultural background thanks to the rulers of erstwhile Travancore, who took an active interest in the development of arts and culture. Thiruvananthapuram has produced several great artists, the most famous ones being Maharaja Swathi Thirunal, Irayimman Thampi and Raja Ravi Varma.

Maharaja Swathi Thirunal was a great composer and played a vital role in the development of Carnatic music. There is a music college in his name in the city - Swathi Thirunal College of Music. Raja Ravi Varma was an illustrious painter of international renown. His contributions to People in ThiruvananthapuramIndian art are substantial. Most of his famous paintings are preserved at the Sree Chithra Art Gallery in the city. The Padmanabha Swamy Temple and the fort surrounding it, the Napier Museum and Zoo, the VJT hall, Palayam Mosque and Church are among the prominent heritage buildings in the city. The Veli lake and Shankumugham beach are home to various sculptures of the noted sculptor Kanayi Kunhiraman. Thiruvananthapuram is a unique Indian City, which greenery and modernity co exist. So many great peoples, including Mahatma Gandhi admired the city's greenery.

Thiruvananthapuram is an unique Indian City, which greenery and modernity co exist. Shown here is the aerial view of Kowdiar.

Thiruvananthapuram easily disguises itself as a laid back quiet city to a casual observer. However, beneath it there is a hum of cultural activities. The city comes to life during the festival season of Onam in August/September, and during the tourist season later in the year. The state government organises the tourism week celebrations every year during the Onam with cultural events conducted at various centres in the city. The other major events include the annual flower show, the Attukal Pongala, the Aaraat of Padmanabha Swamy Temple, the Beemapally Uroos, Vettucaud Perunaal etc. The CVN Kalari at East Fort is a world renowned centre for training in Kerala's own martial art—the Kalaripayattu. The Margi centre offers training in many of Kerala's traditional arts including Lord Napier in ThiruvananthapuramKathakali.

The general cuisine of the people is Keralite cuisine, which is characterised by an abundance of coconut and spices. Other South Indian cuisines, as well as Chinese and North Indian cuisines are popular. Fast food culture is also very prominent in the city.

Thiruvananthapuram has numerous libraries, the prominent ones being the State Central Library (Trivandrum Public library, Est. 1829), the University Library, Thiruvananthapuram Children's Library, Manuscripts Library and the Centre for Development Studies Library. The British Library (Est. 1964) was located very near to the Government Secretariat adjacent to the YMCA Hostel.


 Culture

Thiruvananthapuram has produced great poets and men of letters from very ancient times. One of the ancient poets was Ayyipillai Asan of Avaaduthura near Kovalam. He wrote the famous work 'Ramakadhapattu'.Culture in Thiruvananthapuram Mahakavi Kumaran Asan and Mahakavi Ulloor S.Parameswara Iyer were the two outstanding poets from this district. The reign of Maharaja Swathi Thirunal saw the golden age of carnatic music in Kerala. Trivandrum tourism.

Contributions of Thiruvananthapuram district to painting are immense. The Padhmanabha Swamy temple and the Koikkala temple at Attingal have several murals and paintings which are examples of 16th century Kerala paintings. Raja Ravi Varma, an illustrious painter of this district, has contributed substantially to Indian paintings.Some of his famous paintings are preserved in the Sri Chitra Art Gallery. Trivandrum tourism.



 Thiruvananthapuram Hotels


 Thiruvananthapuram Tours


TOUR NAME DURATION PLACES
 Beaches Backwaters 04 Nights & 05 Days Alleppey–Quilon–Kovalam
–Kanyakumari-Trivandrum
Beaches and Backwaters

Tour Information

  • Starting Point:
  • Alleppey

  • Ending Point:
  • Trivandrum

  • Duration:
  • 04 Nights / 05 Days


  • More Info >>
 Splendors of Kerala 07 Nights & 08 Days Cochin–Thekkady–Kumarakom
–Trivandrum–Kovalam
Splendors of Kerala

Tour Information

  • Starting Point:
  • Cochin

  • Ending Point:
  • Kovalam

  • Duration:
  • 07 Nights / 08 Days


  • More Info >>
 Best of Kerala 09 Nights & 10 Days Cochin–Munnar–Thekkady
–Kumarakom–Kettuvalam-Alleppey–Kanyakumari-Kovalam-Trivandrum
Best of Kerala

Tour Information

  • Starting Point:
  • Cochin

  • Ending Point:
  • Kovalam

  • Duration:
  • 09 Nights / 10 Days


  • More Info >>

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